Cuban National Parks
Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, and with over 11 million inhabitants. A multiethnic country, its people, culture, and customs derive from diverse origins, including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the long period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves, a close relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and close proximity to the United States. Cuba is the second-most populous island in the Caribbean after Hispaniola. However, Cuba has a population density that is less than most nations in the region. Cuba is a popular tourist destination offering the traditional sun and beach programs as well as a wealth of nature and culture to enjoy.
Cuba’s unique natural wealth includes its biodiversity and natural landscapes. Cuba is a popular with those who enjoy nature tourism, including bird watching, fishing and scuba diving. The Cuban avifauna is very diverse, with over 370 species in the islands and cays that make up the country and a high degree of endemism, especially in its marine and forest habitats. The geographic location of the Cuban archipelago makes it a corridor for migratory birds that travel long distances in search of food and safe haven between North America to South America and back.
Cuba has nearly 60 species of mammals. There are about 40 species of terrestrial mammals on Cuba and more than half of these are endemic to Cuba. There are nearly 20 species of marine mammals that are found in the waters off of Cuba. There are nearly 100 species of reptiles and amphibians on Cuba, most of which are endemic to Cuba. Cuba has established numerous national parks and reserves to protect its wildlife and flora.