Aparados da Serra National Park – Brazil

maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)

Aparados da Serra National Park

One of Brazil’s first national parks, Aparados da Serra National Park was established in 1959 to protect the grassland, forest, and cliff vegetation refuge ecosystems, and the impressive scenery located within the national park. One of the Aparados da Serra National Park’s main attraction is the famous Itaimbezinho Canyon.

Located in the Serra Geral range of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina states in southern Brazil the Aparados da Serra National Park is over 25,000 acres. According to the Duke University’s Center for Tropical Conservation, this national park is too small to be effective for the conservation of top food chain predators such as the mountain lion (Puma concolor) or the crowned eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus), that need large hunting areas to survive, and is insufficient for the protection of each of the national park’s distinct environment.

The Aparados da Serra National Park is located in the temperate zone, with mild temperatures and well-defined seasons, including several frosts and at least one day of snow in the plateau region each year. Rainfall is abundant and well distributed throughout the year, ranging from 60 – 90 inches a year, with slightly greater rain on the plateau than on the plains.

Despite the relatively small size of this park, the Aparados da Serra National Park has over 140 species of birds, nearly 50 species of mammals, and almost 40 species of amphibian. This rich biodiversity is a result of the Aparados da Serra National Park’s diverse relief and its location at the region of ecological convergence of Atlantic Rain Forest, grassland and Araucaria forest habitats. The Aparados da Serra National Park has a nice selection of bromeliads and orchids. Some notable wildlife species found in this national park, include the mountain lion, ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), neotropical river otter (Lontra longicaudis), brown howling monkey (Alouatta guariba), capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris), dusky-legged guan (Penelope obscura), and spotted nothuras (Nothura maculosa), green-billed toucan (Ramphastos dicolorus), purple-bellied parrot (Triclaria malachitacea), crowned eagle and the Red-spectacled Amazon parrot (Amazona pretrei).

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Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park – Indonesia

Java Deer (Rusa timorensis)

Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park – Indonesia

The Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park consists of over 400,000 acres on Halmahera Island, the biggest island in the North Maluku province of Indonesia. The Maluku Islands are a group of islands to the east of Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. Historically known as the “Spice Islands”, the Maluku Islands were once recognized as the only source of cloves and nutmeg.

The Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park was established in 2004 for the protection of endangered species and is part of the Wallacea biodiversity hotspot, which encompasses the central islands of Indonesia east of Java, Bali, and Borneo, and west of the province of New Guinea, and the whole of Timor Leste. The ecology of the Maluku Islands has fascinated naturalists for centuries. The vegetation of Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park consists mainly of lowland and montane rainforest.

The Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park contains kauri (Agathis spp.), bitangor tree (Calophyllum inophyllum), bintuang tree (Octomeles sumatrana), Amugis (Koordersiodendron pinnatum), taun tree (Pometia pinnata), merbau (Intsia bijuga), canarium nut tree (Canarium indicum), Bur flower tree (Anthocephalus chinensis) and nyatoh (Palaquium obtusifolium).

There are nearly 30 species of mammals found in Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park, including Javan deer(Rusa timorensis),ornate cuscus (Phalanger ornatus), the latter is endemic to Indonesia.

Over 200 bird species, including at least 23 endemic species, are found in Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park. The Wallace’s standarwing (Semioptera wallacii), is one of the national park’s biggest attractions. Like other birds-of-paradise, the male of this species gathers in the morning at a display area and performs for the attending females, trying to entice them to mate with him. This usually lasts for one to two hours and then the birds disperse into the forest to feed.

Another attraction for birdwatchers in the Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is the endemic ivory-breasted pitta (Pitta maxima). This is a large pitta with white and red underparts, black head and upperparts, and light green wings. The ivory-breasted pitta is arguably one of the most handsome of all the pittas.

Another prize for birdwatchers that can be found in the Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is the ultra elusive, invisible rail (Habroptila wallacii). Until several years ago, the invisible rail had been seen by only a handful of people, acquiring quasi mythical status. Then a local guide found a nest near his house and the first photographs of the bird in the wild were taken. Another name for this bird is the drumming rail, derived from the very singular bass sound it produces when calling, which is similar to the sound of a drum beat. Sometimes a park visitor may still hear the bird’s drumming from inside high grass or other foliage, although never seeing the actual bird.

Some of the other bird species found in the Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park are the Halmahera cuckoo-shrike (Coracina parvula), Sombre kingfisher (Todiramphus funebris), white cockatoo (Cacatua alba), blue and white kingfisher (Halcyon diops), dusky-brown oriole (Oriolus phaeochromus), Halmahera flowerpecker (Dicaeum schistaceiceps), Moluccan goshawk (Accipiter henicogrammus), Blyth’s hornbill (Rhyticeros plicatus), dusky scrubfowl (Megapodius freycinet), long-billed crow (Corvus validus), grey-headed fruit dove (Ptilinopus hyogastrus), and purple dollarbird (Eurystomus azureus).

Some of the reptiles and amphibians found in Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park include the Moluccan callulops Frog (Callulops Dubius), mountain rainforest frog (Cophixalus montanus), Weber’s sailfin lizard (Hydrosaurus weberi), and monitor lizard (Varanus spp.).

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Lambir Hills National Park – Malaysia

Lambir Hills National Park  -  Malaysia

Lambir Hills National Park – Malaysia

Protecting one of the world’s most complex and diverse forest ecosystems, Lambir Hills National Park was created in 1975. Within an area that is less than 7,000 hectares, scientists have found that this national park has the greatest level of plant biodiversity on earth. Nearly 1,200 species of trees are found within Lambir Hills National Park. Along with such diverse plant life comes diverse wildlife, and Lambir Hills National Park with over 300 species of ants, nearly 250 species of birds, more than 60 species of mammals, nearly 50 species of reptiles, and 20 species of frogs and is a rich kaleidoscope of biodiversity.
Some of the birds found in Lambir Hills National Park include the Bornean bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala), garnet pitta (Erythropitta granatina), green broadbill (Calyptomena viridis), rufous-tailed shama (Trichixos pyrropygus), crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus), rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros), dark-throated oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus), rufous-collared kingfisher (Actenoides concretus), dusky broadbill (Corydon sumatranus), banded kingfisher (Lacedo pulchella), rufous-backed kingfisher (Ceyx rufidorsa), hook-billed bulbul (Setornis criniger), large-tailed nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus), dark-throated oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus), rumped flowerpecker (Prionochilus xanthopygius), black-throated wren-babbler (Napothera atrigularis), Bornean blue flycatcher (Cyornis superbus), blue-headed pitta (Hydrornis baudii), Hose’s broadbill (Calyptomena hosii), and brown hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata).

Some of the mammals found in the national park include flying squirrels, wild pigs, gibbons, a variety of monkeys, and deer. Large mammals such as the sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) are absent or very rare due to the small size of the forest and illegal hunting.

Compact and conveniently located, just 20 miles south of Miri in Sarawak on the island of Borneo, Lambir Hills National Park is one of the most accessible and beautiful national parks in Malaysia. Lambir Hills National Park is composed mainly of sandstone hills and lowland dipterocarp forest, with some small areas of heath forest. Lambir Hills National Park has dozens of sparkling waterfalls and bathing pools scattered about the rugged rainforest that rises up to over 1,500 feet above sea level in some areas.
Lambir Hills National Park’s unique topography and its complex ecosystem have made it an important site for rainforest study. In fact, several research institutes have scientists permanently stationed in the national park studying its natural history.
Another of Lambir Hills National Park’s many attractions is the national park’s interesting selection of forest walks, which range from gentle 15-minute strolls to arduous all-day jungle treks. Most of the nation park’s trails are interlinked, so it is very easy to take more than one walk in a single day.

The Latak waterfall trail is the shortest, easiest and best known of Lambir Hills National Park’s trails. This is an especially popular trail with day visitors from Miri, particularly on the weekend. This shaded trail follows a fast-flowing stream to the 75 foot Latak waterfall. Along the way there are two small waterfalls, but the main attraction is the Latak waterfall at the end of the trail. Emptying into a large forest pool surrounded by steep rock walls, the Latak waterfall is breath-taking to behold. Facilities such as picnic areas, changing rooms, and bathrooms are located near this pool area. Swimming in this beautiful pool is allowed, but some parts of the pool are quite deep making it unsafe for non-swimmers and small children.
Shortly before reaching the Latak Waterfall, the Pantu trail branches off to the left and leads up to a series of steep steps. At the top of these steps there is a 130 feet tree tower designed to give visitors a view of life in the forest canopy, including many birds, insects, epiphytes, ferns and orchids that cannot be seen from the ground. Lambir Hills National Park has a series of tree towers, a canopy walkway and a canopy crane that provide access to various elements of rainforest’s vertical structure. Shortly beyond the tree tower, the trail branches off to the left and leads to the Nibong waterfall.

Then there is the long trail to the summit of Bukit Lambir, Lambir Hills National Park’s highest point. This summit trail is quite steep in at times, and can be difficult for some, but it is a trek worth taking, if you are able. There is a superb view from the summit, including the transition from dipterocarp forest to heath forest, and the beautiful flowering wild orchids. On the way down, there is another beautiful pool at the base of the Dinding waterfall that you will want to see.

A study in 2008 revealed that six of Lambir Hills National Park’s seven species of hornbills have disappeared from the national park. Also the number of carnivore, raptor, and primate species had declined significantly since 1980. The study recommended that conservation efforts in the national park should focus on law enforcement to protect wildlife from illegal hunting within and around the park.

Rajah Brooke's Birdwing (Trogonoptera brookiana)

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You Can Help Create Atewa Hills National Park – Ghana

Long-tailed pangolin (Uromanis tetradactyla)

You can help create an new national park! Help create Atewa Hills National Park as Ghana’s 6th national park

The Atewa Range Forest Reserve is Ghana’s most biodiverse — and most threatened — wilderness area. There is wide consensus among scientists and NGO’s that the reserve should be protected as Ghana’s 6th national park: the Atewa Hills National Park. SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana is working with domestic and international organizations to make the Atewa Hills National Park a reality. Located near Kibi, halfway between Accra and Kumasi, the Atewa Range Forest Reserve is home to the critically endangered Togo Slippery Frog (Conraua derooi; a close relative of the world’s largest frog, the Goliath Frog Conraua goliath). Numerous other amphibian species as well as a diverse non-amphibious flora and fauna live in the reserve.The Atewa forest is listed as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International and is home to 700+ butterfly species.

Save The Frogs GhanaAs recently as 2007, the multi-national ALCOA was seeking permission to conduct mountaintop-removal bauxite mining on three mountains in the reserve. There is continuous threat from other mining companies, many based in China, as well as the Romanian company Vimetco. Mountaintop removal mining destroys habitat and clogs the streams and rivers below with silt and the byproduct chemicals emerging from the mine. As with the vast majority of Ghana’s forest reserves, legal logging takes place on the land, though the participant companies regularly harvest more trees than they were allotted, and seldom employ environmentally-responsible forestry practices.

Illegal logging is also rampant in the park, and locals eat the critically endangered Togo Slippery Frogs. SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana plans to educate the local people about the ecological value of the Atewa Hills. We will also be building capacity in the surrounding villages: training the locals in beekeeping and mushroom farming so they have new income and food sources that reduce their need to exploit the reserve.

Papilio antimachus

The Atewa Hills are the headwaters for the Densu, Ayensu and Birim rivers, which supply drinking water to about 5 million Ghanaians. The rivers will forever be degraded if Atewa is mined, preventing it from carrying out its ecosystem services.

Creating the Atewa Hills National Park is SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana’s most important current campaign. Success would be a huge victory for Ghana’s frogs, Ghana’s people and for worldwide environmental conservation efforts, but it will not be easy: there are many influential companies and individuals who profit off of the continued exploitation of the Atewa Range Forest Reserve and will work diligently to block the new national park. Fortunately, the will of the people can overcome the existent power structure if the people are dedicated and well-organized. We at SAVE THE FROGS! & SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana will be doing our part, and we welcome your financial assistance and volunteer time.

The Atewa Range Forest Reserve is Ghana’s most biodiverse — and most threatened — wilderness area. There is wide consensus among scientists and NGO’s that the reserve should be protected as Ghana’s 6th national park: the Atewa Hills National Park. SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana is working with domestic and international organizations to make the Atewa Hills National Park a reality. Located near Kibi, halfway between Accra and Kumasi, the Atewa Range Forest Reserve is home to the critically endangered Togo Slippery Frog (Conraua derooi; a close relative of the world’s largest frog, the Goliath Frog Conraua goliath). Numerous other amphibian species as well as a diverse non-amphibious flora and fauna live in the reserve.The Atewa forest is listed as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International and is home to 700+ butterfly species.

Save The Frogs GhanaAs recently as 2007, the multi-national ALCOA was seeking permission to conduct mountaintop-removal bauxite mining on three mountains in the reserve. There is continuous threat from other mining companies, many based in China, as well as the Romanian company Vimetco. Mountaintop removal mining destroys habitat and clogs the streams and rivers below with silt and the byproduct chemicals emerging from the mine. As with the vast majority of Ghana’s forest reserves, legal logging takes place on the land, though the participant companies regularly harvest more trees than they were allotted, and seldom employ environmentally-responsible forestry practices.

Illegal logging is also rampant in the park, and locals eat the critically endangered Togo Slippery Frogs. SAVE THE FROGS! Ghana plans to educate the local people about the ecological value of the Atewa Hills. We will also be building capacity in the surrounding villages: training the locals in beekeeping and mushroom farming so they have new income and food sources that reduce their need to exploit the reserve.

The Atewa Hills are the headwaters for the Densu, Ayensu and Birim rivers, which supply drinking water to about 5 million Ghanaians. The rivers will forever be degraded if Atewa is mined, preventing it from carrying out its ecosystem services.

Creating the Atewa Hills National Park is SAVE THE FROGS!Ghana’s most important current campaign. Success would be a huge victory for Ghana’s frogs, Ghana’s people and for worldwide environmental conservation efforts, but it will not be easy: there are many influential companies and individuals who profit off of the continued exploitation of the Atewa Range Forest Reserve and will work diligently to block the new national park.

The Atewa Range Forest Reserve was established as a national forest reserve in 1926, and has since been recognized as one of Ghana’s Globally Significant Biodiversity Areas. The Atewa Range Forest Reserve is located near Kibi town, to the west of the Accra–Kumasi road. This range of hills, aligned approximately north–south, are steep-sided with more or less flat summits. They represent the last remains of the Tertiary peneplain that once covered southern Ghana and are characterized by very ancient bauxitic soils. The reserve lies within the moist semi-deciduous forest zone. About 17,400 ha of the reserve is upland evergreen forest. Atewa is one of only two Forest Reserves in Ghana in which this forest-type occurs and these two reserves together hold 95% of the upland evergreen forest in the country. The diverse flora contains submontane elements, with characteristic herbaceous species, and abundant and diverse epiphytic and terrestrial ferns; many plant species found here are not known to occur elsewhere in Ghana,including Celtis durandii. The Atewa Forest Reserve has over 150 different species of ferns. Two of these species of fern are not found anywhere in the world. The bovals (seasonal marshy grasslands on bauxite outcrops), swamps and thickets that occur here are also thought to be nationally unique.

An unusually high 155 bird species are found in the Atewa Range Forest Reserve. This avifauna includes a significant number of nationally rare species such as Afep pigeon (Columba unicincta), olive long-tailed cuckoo (Cercococcyx olivinus),African broadbill (Smithornis capensis), least honeyguide (Indicator exilis), spotted honeyguide (Indicator maculatus), common bristlebill (Bleda syndactylus), and blue-headed crested flycatcher (Trochocercus nitens). Raptors such as the Congo serpent eagle (Dryotriorchis spectabilis), Urotriorchis macrourus, Polyboroides typus, Accipiter tachiro and Stephanoetus coronatus also occur here. There are also six bird species of global conservation concern including the brown-cheeked hornbill (Bycanistes cylindricus) and the Nimba flycatcher (Melaenornis annamarulae, the first time this bird has been recorded in Ghana.

Six endemics butterfly species Mylothris atewa, Deudorix sp. nov., Cupidesthes sp. nov., Anthene aurea, A. helpsi and Acraea kibi,occur here. The highest diversity of butterflies in Ghana are found here, including 575 of the 925 species known to occur in Ghana. This is largest number of butterfly species yet recorded from a single small forest anywhere in West Africa. The magnificent Papilio antimachus, whose wingspan is the widest in the world is found in the Atewa Range Forest Reserve.

Royal antelope (Neotragus pygmaeus)

There are also 32 species of amphibians found in the Atewa Range Forest Reserve, including the critically endangered frog species (Conraua derooi) whose presence in Atewa may represent the last viable population in the world. There are also 40 species of snakes found in the Atewa Range Forest Reserve. There are over 40 species of mammals found here including Yellow-backed duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor), Black duiker (Cephalophus niger), Bay duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis), Maxwell’s duiker (Cephalophus maxwellii), Royal antelope (Neotragus pygmaeus), Pel’s flying squirrel (Anomalurus pelii), West palm squirrel (Epixerus ebii), African civet (Civettictis civetta), African palm civet (Nandinia binotata), Long-tailed pangolin (Uromanis tetradactyla) and six species of primates, including two species of global conservation concern: Geoffroy’s pied colobus (Colobus vellerosus) and the olive colobus (Procolobus verus).

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Near-record Burmese Python Caught in Everglades National Park

Burmese python (Python bivittatus) over 18 feet in Everglades National Park in July 2015    United States National Parks    Invasive species in Everglades National Park   National Parks of the World

The Burmese Python (Python bivittatus) Invades Everglades National Park

In July, University of Florida researchers captured a female Burmese python, measuring over 18 feet and weighing 133 pounds in the Everglades National Park. The Burmese python was first introduced to Florida through the pet trade, and during the last decade this invasive species has taken over the top predator spot in Everglades National Park, lowering populations of native small mammals and birds. This invasive species is threatening to permanently change the ecosystem of the Everglades National Park. Large Burmese pythons eat larger prey species found in the Everglades National Park, such as the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and potentially even the rare, critically endangered Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi).

Although this python species is relatively docility and easy to handle when young, it grows very rapidly and an adult Burmese python is a very powerful and potentially dangerous animal capable of inflicting severe bites and even killing a human being by constriction. Adult Burmese pythons also consume large amounts of food and can become expensive to keep resulting in some irresponsible pet owners releasing their pets into the wild. As a result, the importation of the Burmese python into the United States was banned in 2012 by the U.S. Department of the Interior for this reason.

In its native range in Southeast Asia (India, China, the Malay Peninsula, and some islands of the East Indies), the Burmese python can grow to 20 feet and is one of the five largest snakes in the world, along with the reticulated python (Python reticulatus), green anaconda (Eunectes murinus), African rock python (Python sebae), and the amethystine python (Morelia amethistina). The Burmese python is primarily a nocturnal rainforest dweller. A young python is equally at home in the trees as it is on the ground; however, as the Burmese python grows and becomes heavier, it spends more of its time the ground. The Burmese python is also an excellent swimmer and can stay submerged for nearly thirty minutes before surfacing to breath.

Although the Burmese python has been getting most of the media attention there are also a number of other invasive species of animals in Everglades National Park. More than 25 percent of all species of mammals, birds, reptiles and fishes in Southern Florida are now exotic species.

The following are just some of the exotic species that have been found in Florida:

Insects


Madagascan hissing cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa
European cricket (Acheta domesticus)

Fishes

pike killifish (Belonesox belizanus)
oscar (Astronotus ocellatus)
Asian swamp eel (Monopterus albus)
snakehead (Channa marulius)
peacock bass (Cichla ocellaris)
walking_catfish (Clarias batrachus)

Amphibians

Cuban treefrog (Osteopilus septentrionalis)
green house frog (Eleutherodactylus planirostris)
giant toad (Rhinella marina)
coqui (Eleutherodactylus coqui)

Reptiles

spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus)
African rock python (Python sebae)
amethystine python (Morelia amethystinus)
reticulated python (Python reticulatus)
green anaconda (Eunectes murinus)
common boa (Boa constrictor)
Nile monitor (Varanus niloticus)
green iguana (Iguana iguana)

Birds

spotted nothura (Nothura maculosa)
Abdim’s stork (Ciconia abdimii)
wooly-necked stork (Ciconia episcopus)
white stork (Ciconia ciconia)
black-necked stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)
scarlet ibis (Eudocimus ruber)
griffon-type old world vulture (Gyps sp.)
white spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia)
king vulture (Sarcoramphus papa)
sacred ibis (Threskironis aethiopicus)
Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis)
greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata)
Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca)
spot-billed duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)
white-cheeked pintail (Anas bahamensis)
Hottentot teal (Anas punctate)
Philippine duck (Anas luzonica)
Bar-headed goose (Anser indicus)
Bean goose (Anser fabalis)
Greylag goose (Anser anser)
Swan goose (Anser cygnoides)
Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata)
Ringed Teal (Callonetta leucophrys)
Coscoroba Swan (Coscoroba coscoroba)
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)
Whooper Swan (Cygnus Cygnus)
Black Swan (Cygnus atratus)
West Indian Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna arborea)
White-faced Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna viduata)
Orinoco Goose (Neochen jubatus)
Rosy-billed Pochard (Netta peposaca)
Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea)
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)
Great Black-Hawk (Buteogallus urubitinga)
Common Black-Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus)
Hook-billed Kite (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
Crane Hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens)
Harris’ Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)
Chukar (Alectoris chukar)
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata)
Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus)
Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris)
Common Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
Gray-necked Wood-Rail (Aramides cajanea)
Gray Crowned Crane (Balearica regulorum)
Black Crowned Crane (Balearica pavonia)
Sarus Crane (Grus Antigone)
Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)
Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis)
Rock Dove (Columba livia)
Inca Dove (Columbina inca)
Diamond Dove (Geopelia cuneate)
Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis)
Ringed Turtle-Dove (Streptopelia risoria)
White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica )
Masked Lovebird (Agapornis personata)
Peach-faced Lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis)
Fischer’s Lovebird (Agapornis fischeri)
Yellow-crowned Parrot (Amazona ochrocephala)
Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica)
Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis)
White-fronted Parrot (Amazona albifrons)
Yellow-shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis)
Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi)
Festive Parrot (Amazona festiva)
Red-spectacled Parrot (Amazona pretrei)
Red-lored Parrot (Amazona autumnalis)
Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinose)
Turquoise-fronted Parrot (Amazona aestiva)
Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix)
Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata)
Hispaniolan Parrot (Amazona ventralis)
Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)
Blue-and-yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna)
Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao)
Military Macaw (Ara militaris)
Red-shouldered Macaw (Ara nobilis)
Chestnut-fronted Macaw (Ara severa)
Yellow-collared Macaw (Ara auricollis)
Orange-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga canicularis)
Green Parakeet (Aratinga holochlora)
Blue-crowned Parakeet (Aratinga acuticaudata)
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri)
Mitred Parakeet (Aratinga mitrata)
Crimson-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga finschi)
Red-masked Parakeet (Aratinga erthogenys)
White-eyed Parakeet (Aratinga leucopthalmus)
Hispaniolan Parakeet (Aratinga chloroptera)
Peach-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga aurea)
Brown-throated Parakeet (Aratinga pertinax)
Dusky-headed Parakeet (Aratinga weddellii)
Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)
White-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus)
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri)
Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae)
Greater Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita)
Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis)
Tanimbar Cockatoo (Cacutua goffini)
White Cockatoo (Cacutua alba)
Burrowing Parrot (Cyanoliseus patagonus)
Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus)
Galah (Eolophus roseicapillus)
Red Lory (Eos bornea)
Chattering Lory (Lorius garrulous)
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulates)
Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)
Black-hooded1 Parakeet (Nandayus nenday)
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus)
black-headed parrot (Pionites melanocephala)
white-crowned parrot (Pionus senilis)
Rueppell’s parrot (Poicephalus rueppellii)
Senegal parrot (Poicephalus senegalus)
red-rumped parrot (Psephotus haemantonotus)
dusky lory (Pseudeos fuscata)
Malabar parakeet (Psittacula columboides)
moustached parakeet (Psittacula alexandri)
plum-headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)
blossom-headed parakeet (Psittacula roseate)
rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri)
Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria)
gray parrot (Psittacus erithacus)
green-cheeked parakeet (Pyrrhura molinae)
maroon-bellied parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis)
maroon-fronted parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi)
rainbow lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematod)
ornate lorikeet (Trichoglossus ornatus)
scaly-breasted lorikeet (Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus)
violet touraco (Musophaga violacea)
Schalow’s turaco (Turaco schalowi)

Mammals

sambar deer (Cervus unicolor)
elk (Cervus elaphus)
Pallas’s mastiff bat (Molossus molossus tropidorhynchus)
Mexican red-bellied squirrel (Sciurus aureogaster)
nutria (Myocastor coypus)
capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris)
crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis)
rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta)
vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops)
squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)
nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)
feral pig (Sus scrofa)
jaguarundi (Herpailurus yaguarondi)

More videos about the Burmese python invading the Everglades National Park

18 Foot Burmese Python Captured In Everglades National Park

Burmese Pythons Swarm South Florida’s Everglades National Park

2012 Record-breaking Burmese Python in Everglades National Park

Everglades Invasives

Invasive Species of Florida

Pets Gone Wild

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Redwood National Park is home to the some of the tallest trees in the world !

Redwood National Park  - Tall Trees

Redwood National Park

Redwood National Park is home to the tallest trees in the world the coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens). Redwood National Park was established in 1968, and is home to old-growth coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens). Coast redwoods can grow to nearly 400 feet tall and live to be 2,000 years old. Redwood National Park has a mosaic of habitats that includes prairie and oak woodlands, spruce, hemlock, Douglas-fir, berry bushes, and sword ferns understory. This national park also features two rivers, the Smith River and Klamath River, various small streams, and nearly 40 miles of pristine Pacific coastline.

Redwood National and State Parks were designated a World Heritage Site on September 5, 1980 and have also been designated an International Biosphere Reserve.

Redwood National Park is home to a wide range of mammal species ranging from the tiny shrews to the Roosevelt elk, weighing over a half a ton. Once almost extinct in California, the Roosevelt elk is now making a comeback Redwood National Park.

More than 65 terrestrial mammals species are found in Redwood National Park. Many of these mammals reside in the national park year-round; however some, such as several bat species, reside in the national park only during the breeding season or during migration.

The following are some of the mammal species found in the Redwood National Park:
Virginia oppossum (Didelphis virginiana) – non-native
Marsh shrew (Sorex bendirii)
Pacific shrew (Sorex pacificus)
Trowbridge shrew (Sorex trowbridgii)
Vagrant shrew (Sorex vagrans)
American shrew-mole (Neurotrichus gibbsii)
Broad-handed mole (Scapanus latimanus)
Coast mole (Scapanus orarius)
Townsend’s mole (Scapanus townsendii)
Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)
Western red bat (Lasiurus blosevillii)
California myotis (Myotis caifornicus)
Fringed myotis (Myotis thysanodes)
Little brown myotis (Myotis lucifugus)
Long-eared myotis (Myotis evotis)
Long-legged myotis (Myotis volans)
Yuma myotis (Myotis yumanensis)
Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)
Silver-haired bat (Lasiurus noctivigans)
Townsend’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii)
Pallid bat (Antrozous pallidus)
Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)
Brush rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani)
Mountain beaver (Aplodontia rufa)
Chipmunk (Tamias sp.)
California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyi)
Douglas squirrel (Tamiasciurus douglasii)
Northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus)
Western gray squirrel (Sciurus griseus)
Botta’s pocket gopher (Thomomys bottae)
Bushy-tailed woodrat (Neotoma cinerea)
Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
Pacific jumping mouse (Zapus trinotatus)
California vole (Microtus californicus)
Sonoma tree vole (Arborimus pomo)
Red tree vole (Arborimus longicaudus)
Western red-backed vole (Myodes californicus)
Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
American beaver (Castor canadensis)
Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)
Coyote (Canis latrans)
Gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
Black bear (Ursus americanus)
Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea)
Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)
Mink (Mustela vison)
Fisher (Martes pennant)
Marten (Martes caurina)
Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Spotted skunk (Spilogale gracilis)
River otter (Lontra canadensis)
Black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Roosevelt elk (Cervus canadensis)
Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
Mountain lion or cougar (Puma concolor)
Steller sea lion (Eumatopias jubatus)
Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus
Killer whale (Orcinus orca)
Humpback whale (Megaptera novaengliae)

Redwood National Park is also home to nearly 300 species of birds, including the whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus), sanderling (Calidris alba), western sandpiper (Calidris mauri), spotted sandpiper (Actitis macularis), western snowy plover (Charadrius nivosus), Caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia), California brown pelicans (Pelicanus occidentalis), short-tailed albatross (Phoebastris albatrus), double-crested cormorant, pigeon guillemots (Cepphus columba), common murre (Uria aalge), common merganser (Mergus merganser), bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), osprey (Pandion haliaeus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus), red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), white-tailed kite (Elanus leucurus), acorn woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus), california quail (Callipepla californica), western scrub jay (Aphelocoma californica), western bluebird (Sialia mexican), black-throated gray warbler (Setophaga nigrescens), yellow warbler (Setophaga petchia), American dipper (Cinclus mexicanus), Vaux’s swift (Chaetura vauxi), western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta), great blue heron (Ardea herodias), Steller’s jay, raven (Corvus corax), Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina), barred owl (Strix varia) – non-native, wild turkey (Mellagris gallopavo) – non-native, western meadowlark, coot, belted kingfisher (Meaceryle alcyon), marbled murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus), as well as, several species of gulls, ducks, grebes, flycatchers and loons.

Reptiles and amphibians found in the parks include the northwestern ringneck snake, northern red-legged frog, Pacific giant salamander, rough-skinned newt and sea turtles, .

There are over 180 freshwater and marine species of fishes found in the national park. including the Coho or silver salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), coastal cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki), sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta), pink or humpback salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), Pacific lamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus), western brook lamprey (Lampetra richardsonii), Sacramento suckers (Catostomus occidentalis), Klamath small scale suckers (Catostomus rimiculus), prickly sculpin (Cottus asper), coastrange sculpin (Cottus aleuticus), three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus), and tidewater goby (Eucyclogobius newberryi) and eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus).

Butterflies found in Redwood National and State Parks include the following:

Family Papilionidae – Swallowtails

Clodius Parnassian Parnassius clodius
Anise Swallowtail (Papilio zelicaon)
Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus)
Pale Swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon)

Family Pieridae – Whites & Sulphurs

Pine White (Neophasia menapia)
Mustard (Veined) White (Pieris napi sequoia)
Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)
Large Marble (Euchloe ausonides)
Sara Orangetip (Anthocharis sara)
Gray Marble (Anthocharis lanceolata)
Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
Western Sulphur (Colias occidentalis chrysomelas)

Family Lycaenidae – Gossamer-wings


Tailed Copper (Lycaena arota)
Gorgon Copper (Lycaena gorgon)
Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides)
Golden Hairstreak (Habrodais grunus)
Great Purple Hairstreak (Atlides halesus)
Hedgerow Hairstreak (Satyrium saepium)
Bramble Hairstreak (Callophrys perplexa)
Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
Western Pine Elfin (Callophrys eryphon)
Nelson’s Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus nelson)
Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)

Family Lycaenidae – Blues

Western Tailed-Blue (Everes amyntula)
Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)
Dotted Blue (Euphilotes enoptes bayensis)
Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)
Greenish Blue (Plebejus saepiolus)
Acmon Blue (Plebejus acmon)

Family Nymphalidae – Brushfooteds

Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele eileenae) Zerene Fritillary (Speyeria zerene)
Callippe Fritillary (Speyeria callippe laurina)
Hydaspe Fritillary (Speyeria hydaspe)
Pacific Fritillary (Boloria epithore chermocki)

Family Nymphalidae – Brushfooteds

Northern Checkerspot (Chlosyne palla)
Field Crescent (Phyciodes campestris pulchellus_
Mylitta Crescent (Phyciodes mylitta)
Edith Checkerspot (Euphydryas editha)
Satyr Comma (Polygonia satyrus)
Green Comma (Polygonia faunus)
“Zephyr” Hoary Comma (Polygonia gracilis zephyrus)
California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica)
Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)
American Lady (Vanessa virginiensis)
Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
West Coast Lady (Vanessa Annabella)
Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)
Common Buckeye (Junonia coenia)
Lorquin’s Admiral (Limenitis lorquini)
California Sister (Adelpha bredowii)
Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia californica)
Common Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis pegala)
Great Arctic (Oeneis nevadensis)
Monarch (Danaus plexippus)

Family Hesperiidae – Skippers

Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
Western Cloudywing (Thorybes diversus)
Propertius Duskywing (Erynnis propertius)
Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius)
Two-banded Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus ruralis)
Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)
Arctic Skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon)
Juba Skipper (Hesperia juba)
Common Branded Skipper (Hesperia comma mattoonorum)
Western Branded Skipper (Hesperia colorado mattoonorum)
Mardon Skipper (Polites mardon)
Sachem Skipper (Atalopedes campestris)
Woodland Skipper (Ochlodes sylvanoides)
Rural Skipper (Ochlodes agricola)
Common Roadside Skipper (Amblyscirtes vialis)

Other invertebrates found in the national park includes the banana slug (Ariolimax columbianus), western pearlshell mussels (Margaritifera falcata) – the longest living freshwater invertebrate in the world, yellow-spotted millipede (Harpaphe haydeniana), California mussel (Mytilus californianus), purple or ochre seastar (Pisaster ochraceus), aggregating anemone (Anthopleura elegantissima), various limpets (Collisella spp.), flat porcelain crab (Petrolisthes cinctipes), black turban snail (Tegula funebralis), periwinkle snail (Littorina scutulata), hermit crabs (Pagurus spp.), white sea cucumber (Eupentacta quinquesemata), various isopods (Idothea spp.), black leather chiton (Katharina tunicata) and purple shore crab (Hemigrapsus nudus).

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Akagera National Park Receives Seven Lions

The Lion is Re-introduced into Rwanda

African lion (Panthera leo)

During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, nearly 15 years ago, the lion population in Rwanda was wiped out. The Rwandan lion ((Panthera leo) became extinct in the Akagera National Park after poisoning by local cattle herders. Now the luxury safari company, andBeyond, is doing its part to reintroduce lions back into Rwanda.This week andBeyond, donated five lionesses from the Phinda Private Game Reserve in South Africa to the Akagera National Park in Rwanda. With the two male lions donated by Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, this will become a founder population for the Akagera National Park.

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Hoge Kempen National Park – Belgium

Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)  National Parks of Belgium National Parks of the World National Parks of Europe mammals Hoge Kempen National Park  European deer mammals of Europe deer of the world

Hoge Kempen National Park

Belgium has only one official national park, the Hoge Kempen National Park. Beautiful woodlands alternating with fields of purple flowering heather and gorgeous lakes provide visitors to the Hoge Kempen National Park with breath-taking views and a real feel of nature. In addition to the heathlands and forests this national park also has peat moorlands. The Hoge Kempen National Park is located in the province of Limburg and covers over 22 square miles of moorlands, heathland and forests.

The Hoge Kempen National Park opened on March 23rd, 2006. The park offers over 120 miles of well-marked trails for hikers, as well as, routes for cyclists and horse riders. Hoge Kempen National Park also contains a wonderful mile-long course built for visitors to walk barefoot. The visitor center has an interactive museum that introduces park visitors to the fascinating world of insects.

Hoge Kempen National Park is located on the eastern side of Belgium and has a continental climate, which benefits several species of trees, including the Sessile oak (Quercus petraea). The Hoge Kempen National Park is home to more than 6,000 species of flora and fauna. In addition to pine and oak trees, ash and silver birch are also found in Hoge Kempen National Park. The national park’s forests and fields of heather provide natural habitats for many species of mammals and birds, such as European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Eurasian curlew (Numenius arquata), woodlark (Lullula arborea), nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio), Eurasian woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), skylark (Alauda arvensis), linnet (Carduelis cannabina), whitethroat (Sylvia communis), pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca), sand martin (Riparia riparia), redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), stonechat (Saxicola rubicola), blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla), grasshopper warbler (Locustella naevia), chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita), great tit (Parus major), and several species of hawks and falcons.

The Hoge Kempen National Park also offers important habitats for amphibians and reptiles, including species such as the moor frog (Rana arvalis), the natterjack toad (Epidalea calamita), great crested newtthe viviparous lizard (Zootoca vivipara), and the smooth snake (Coronella austriaca). The large diversification in biotopes within the national park attracts many species of insects including the saddle-backed bush cricket (Ephippiger ephippiger), blue-winged grasshopper (Oedipoda caerulescens), stag beetle (Lucanus cervus), European beewolf (Philanthus triangulum), common blue damselfly (Enallagma cyathigerum) and several species of dragonflies, such as the broad-bodied chaser (Libellula depressa), white-faced darter (Leucorrhinia pectoralis), and four-spotted chaser (Libellula quadrimaculata). There are also a number of butterfly species found in the Hoge Kempen National Park, including the common yellow swallowtail (Papilio machaon), pearly heath (Coenonympha arcania), purple hairstreak (Neozephyrus quercus), chalk hill blues (Polyommatus coridon), silver-studded blue (Plebejus argus), Weaver’s Fritillary (Boloria dia), and poplar admiral (Limenitis populi).

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Alas Purwo National Park – Indonesia

Alas Purwo National Park   National Parks of the World

Alas Purwo National Park

Alas Purwo National Park is located in southeastern East Java. Alas Purwo National Park is one of the more remote national parks on Java. It is relatively under-visited due to both the limited access and the lack of developed accommodations. Alas Purwo National Park is largely flat and covers an area of more than 100,000 acres. Mount Linggamanis, the tallest point in the national park is just over 1,000 feet. This national park has a variety of habitats including coastal mangrove forests, savanna, lowland tropical deciduous forest, and white-sanded beaches. About 40 caves have been found in the national park’s forest and there are coral reefs off the beaches of Alas Purwo National Park.

Alas Purwo National Park has separate wet and dry seasons. During the wet season, October to April, rain mainly falls in the afternoon, with January and February receiving the most rainfall. Alas Purwo National Park receives between 40 – 60 inches of rainfall annually. The dry season is considered the best time of year to visit this national park. Temperatures in Alas Purwo National Park range between 70 ° – 90 ° F.

Alas Purwo National Park is dominated by lowland monsoon forest. Alas Purwo means “first forest”, from a Javanese legend that tells the story of the earth first emerging from the ocean at the location of this national park. These lowland tropical forests are found between the savannah of Sadengan and the national park’s beautiful beaches, this vegetation includes cemara gunung (Casuarina junghuhniana), Bengal almond (Terminalia cattapa), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), keben (Barringtonia asiatica), Hibiscus tiliaceus, Pandanus tectorius, Tetrameles nudiflora, Ficus variegata, Diospyros cauliflora, Aglaia variegata, Dracontomelon mangiferum, Bischofia javanica, Dysoxylum gaudichaudianum, Pseudobombax septenatum, jamuju (Podocarpus imbricatus), pasang (Lithocarpus sp), fasinium (Vacinium varingiaefilia), edelweis (Anavalis sp), Litsea (Litsea sp), Plectocomia elongate and various species of Pterospermum.

Mangrove forests are also found in Alas Purwo National Park. This brackish water habitat occurs within river deltas and estuaries, and is characterized by low tree diversity, almost exclusively mangrove trees. Mangrove trees are evergreen trees that have adapted to a salty and swampy habitat by using breathing roots (pneumatophores) that emerge from the oxygen-deficient mud to absorb oxygen. Some of the species of mangrove include Rhizophora mucronata, Ceriops tagal, Rhizophora apiculate, Rhizophora stylosa, Avicennia lanata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera sexangula, Excoecaria agallocha, Heritiera littoralis and Lumnitzera racemosa. Other plant species found in the Mangrove forests of Alas Purwo National Park include Kans grass (Saccharum spontaneum), Java olive tree (Sterculia foetida), Gluta renghas, Blackboard tree (Alstonia scholaris), аnd sawo kacik (Manilkara kauki).

The Mangrove forest is home to the Mudskipper, a completely amphibious fish that can use its pectoral fins to walk on land and has the ability to breathe through its skin and the lining of its mouth and throat. This little fish can be found in mangrove ecosystems and mudflats of Asia, Africa and Australia.

In Alas Purwo National Park the tropical deciduous forest merges into the savannah of Sadengan. The Sadengan savannah is a 200 acre grassland ecosystem with trees widely spaced apart which allows sufficient light to support grasses and other low growing plants. Several plant species found on the Sadengan savannah include Cyperus brevifolius, Cyperus iria, Cassia tora, Eupatorium inulifolium, and Lantana camara; the latter three species are non-indigenous and were introduced into the national park.

Over 500 different species of plant are found in Alas Purwo National Park, including giant clumping bamboo (Gigantochloa manggong) and 13 other species of bamboo.

Banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus) Alas Purwo National Park National Parks of the World

Alas Purwo National Park is home to several rare and endangered species including the Javanese bull, also known as the banteng (Bos javanicus), and the dhole (Cuon alpinus). The banteng is an endangered species of wild cattle with less than 10,000 individuals still in the wild. The population of banteng in Alas Purwo National Park has increased from about 60 in 2004 to more than 100 currently. The dhole is an Asiatic wild dog. It is estimated that there are less than 3,000 individuals of this diurnal pack hunting species left in the wild.

There are nearly 50 species of mammals found in the Alas Purwo National Park including the leopard (Panthera pardus), wildcat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis), Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), small Indian civet (Viverricula indica), banded linsang (Prionodon linsang), Javan Mongoose (Herpestes javanicus javanicus), silvery lutung, also known as the silvered leaf monkey, (Trachypithecus cristatus), ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus auratus), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Javan deer (Rusa timorensis), Indian muntjac or barking deer (Muntiachus muncjak), Java mouse-deer (Tragulus javanicus), wild pig (Sus scrofa), black giant squirrel (Ratufa bicolor) and Malayan porcupine or Himalayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura).

Java Deer (Rusa timorensis)  Alas Purwo National PARK nATIONAL pARKS OF THE wORLD    National Parks of Indonesia  Java National Parks

Alas Purwo National Park is home to over 300 species of birds, including the green peafowl (Pavo muticus), red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus), lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), little egret (Egretta garzetta), white-bellied sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela), buffy fish owl (Bubo ketupu), Malabar pied hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus), oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) and Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus). Nearly 40 Australian species of migrating birds visit Alas Purwo National Park’s pristine forests each year, including the sacred kingfisher (Halcyon chloris), blue-tailed bee-eater (Merops philippinus), common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), and wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola).
Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus)   Alas Purwo National Park National Parks of Indonesia National parks of the world  Java national parks   birds of java  birds of indonesia

More than 40 species of reptiles are known inhabit Alas Purwo National Park, including the Burmese python (Python bivittatus), Asian vine snake (Ahaetulla prasina), gliding lizard (Draco sp), water monitor (Varanus salvator), flat-tailed house gecko (Hemidactylus platyurus), and common sun skink (Eutropis multifasciata). There are four species of sea turtle that return to lay their eggs on Alas Purwo National Park’s secluded beaches, including the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), hawkbill turtle (Erithmochelys imbricata) and olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea). There are about 15 species of amphibians that are known to occur in Alas Purwo National Park.

The coral reefs off Alas Purwo National Park are homes to whole communities of marine life, including shellfish, sponges, crustaceans and various marine plants. The water off these white sand beaches is clear and the coral form a garden of amazing forms and colors. Some of the marine fish present include species of clownfish, damselfish and wrasse.

Between the months оf March аnd November, surfers frоm аll оver the world visit Alas Purwo National Park. Their destination іs the white sands of Plengkung Beach, known as one of the best surfing beaches in the entire world. First discover by professional surfers in 1972, Plengkung Beach faces Grajagan bay, and so hаs become known аs “G-Land”. This pristine beach is surrounded by beautiful tropical forest and has rideable wave up to 15 feet. Plengkung Beach offers one of the world’s most consistent left-hand reefbreaks, but it is recommended for experienced surfers only. Most surfers come via boat from Bali, whіch іs аbоut half а day’s travel.

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Boma National Park – Southern Sudan

white-eared kob wildlife migration boma national park south sudan national parks of the world antelope Kob waterbuck african wildlife african safari Badingalo National Park  africa wildlife of south sudan national parks of south sudan national parks of africa african wild animals african antelope national parks worldwidewhite-eared kob   wildlife migration boma national park south sudan national parks of the world antelope Kob waterbuck african wildlife african safari africa wildlife of south sudan national parks of south sudan   national parks of africa african wild animals african antelope  (Kobus kob leucotis)  national parks worldwide

Boma National Park of Southern Sudan

Boma National Park was established in 1986 in eastern South Sudan, just across the border from Ethiopia’s Gambela National Park. Boma National Park has virtually no roads or ranger outposts. This national park is mostly flat and is crossed by many small streams and swamps. With nearly 9,000 square miles of grasslands and wetlands, Boma National Park is an important wildlife refuge and is home to many large mammals, including white-eared kob (Kobus kob leucotis) , waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), Grant’s gazelle (Nanger granti), Lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis), bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus), korrigum (Damaliscus korrigum korrigum), Mongalla gazelle (Eudorcas albonotata), hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), Nile lechwe (Kobus megaceros), Grant’s Gazelle (Nanger granti), Derby’s Eland, Bohor Reedbuck (Redunca redunca), Roan (Hippotragus equinus), Beisa oryx (Oryx beisa), African cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), Rothchild’s giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), plains zebra (Equus quagga), African elephant, leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) caracal, serval, jackal, spotted hyaena, warthog, olive baboon, and vervet monkey. Boma National Park and Badingalo National Park account for the greatest concentration of wildlife in South Sudan, with the most prominent species in Boma National Park being the white-eared kob.

Each year migrations of huge herds of white-eared kob, korrigum, and Mongalla gazelle in Southern Sudan rival that of wildebeest and zebra migrations on the Serengeti Plains. It is estimated that over one million white-eared kob, and other large mammals migrate in a transboundary corridor ranging over parts of both Boma National Park, and Badingalo National Park in Southern Sudan to the neighboring Gambella National Park in Ethiopia. The annual migration, which covers nearly a thousand miles, is one of Africa’s largest and most spectacular, second only to the “great migration” of the Serengeti.

In South Sudan, as in the Serengeti, the migration of enormous herds of animals is driven by the rains and the availability of grass. These herds are primary composed of white-eared kob, korrigum, and Mongalla Gazelle. In the Spring (usually between March and April), as the rains start the herds move South, from the Sudd flood plains back into Boma National Park. In the fall (usually between November and December), after the dry season has begun, the herds move North for better grass. The white-eared kob will start calving as they migrate north into the flood plains.

These spectacular wildlife migrations provide an opportunity for South Sudan to create a thriving tourism industry if the resource is properly managed. To put this in perspective, tourism in Kenya and Tanzania, where the Serengeti migrations occur, contributes more than a billion dollars a year to each country’s national economy. That is nearly a quarter of the 2013 national budget.

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