National Parks of Latin America

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Latin American National Parks

Latin America consists of the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and South America. Latin America has the United States on its northern border and Antarctica on its southern border. The Pacific Ocean forms the western border of Latin America and the Atlantic Ocean forms its eastern border. Latin America is comprised of almost 50 countries and territories which occupy nearly 15 percent of the total land surface of our planet.
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More than a half billion people live in Latin America, with most speaking either Spanish or Portuguese. Many Native American peoples, as well as peoples originating from the Old World live in Latin America and this continent is culturally, ethnically and racially quite diverse.

The Andes Mountains are the primary geographical feature on the western side of South America and the large Amazon River basin in eastern South America is another of the major geographical features of Latin America. Most of Latin America is in the tropics, but there are areas of Latin America that stretch into the temperate zone. In Central America volcanic eruptions and earthquakes are common. Latin America has the longest mountain range in the world, the Andes Mountains. Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world is found in Latin America. Chile’s Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on the planet. The largest river in the world, the Amazon River is the only river on Earth that can be seen from outer space. The Amazon River originates with the snows of the Peruvian Andes and spreading out into the many tributaries that form the Amazon basin. With the Amazon basin growths the largest rainforest in the world, the Amazon Rainforest, which contains the most flora in the world. The Amazon Rainforest provides over 20 percent of the world’s oxygen supply, leading some to call the Amazon Rainforest the “Lungs of the Planet”. Indigenous people still practice a traditional lifestyle based on subsistence agriculture or as hunter-gatherers in many areas of the Amazon. There are still tribes living in the Amazon Rainforest that are untouched by the civilized world. The Amazon River flows from Peru and empties into the Atlantic Ocean in Brazil.
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Latin America has many natural resources. Mining is an important industry in Latin America. Over 90 percent of the world’s production of emeralds comes from Latin America. Latin America is one of the world’s largest producers of silver. Latin America is also a major producer of cooper and other minerals. The forests of Latin America are a major source of the world’s lumber.

Many of Latin American’s countries had important pre-Columbian cultures. Norte Chico, located on the coast of Peru is one of the earliest known Latin American civilizations and was contemporaneous with Ancient Egypt. There are more pyramids found in Latin America than the entire rest of the world, including Egypt. The Mesoamerican peoples built pyramids in Latin America before the birth of Christ and continued to do so until they were conquered by the Spanish during 16th century. The three great Latin American, ancient civilizations are those of the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas. The Mayan civilization started 250 in what is now Central America. The Aztecs became one of the dominate civilizations in Latin America during the fourteenth century. The Aztecs lived primarily in what is now known as Mexico. The Andes Mountain region of Latin America was mainly controlled by the Inca civilization during the fifteenth century.
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Latin America shows a great degree biodiversity with many beautiful and unique species of animals endemic to this continent. Some of the commonly recognized wildlife species that live in Latina America are the jaguar, the ocelot, the piranha, the tapir, the llama, the alpaca, the anaconda, the boa constrictor, the Andean condor, the toucan, the wooly monkey, the squirrel monkey, the freshwater angelfish, the guppy, the Amazon Yellow-headed parrot and many other species of colorful parrots.

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Each year Latin America attracts millions of tourists to see some of the greatest wonders on Earth, including the Amazon Rainforest, the Galápagos Islands, Machu Picchu, Iguazu Falls, Angel Falls, Chichén Itzá, Patagonia, Lake Titicaca and the Nazca Lines. Latin America also has some of the most interesting cities in the world, including Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Mexico City, Bogota, Buenos Aires, Lima and Cuzco.

Argentina National Parks

National Parks of Argentina

Belize National Parks

National Parks of Belize

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Bolivian National Parks

National Parks of Bolivia

Brazilian National Parks

National Parks of Brazil

Chilean National Parks

National Parks of Chile

Colombian National Parks

National Parks of Colombia

Costa Rican National Parks

National Parks of Costa Rica

Cuban National Parks

National Parks of Cuba

Dominica National Parks

Cabrits National Park
Morne Diablotin National Park
Morne Trois Pitons National Park

Dominican Republic National Parks

National Parks of the Dominican Republic

Ecuadorian National Parks

National Parks of Ecuador

El Salvadoran National Parks

Bosque Conchagua National Park
Cerro Verde National Park
El Boquerón National Park
El Imposible National Park
Montecristo National Park
The Volcanoes National Park
Walter Thilo Deininger National Park

French(French Guiana)National Parks

Guiana Amazonian National Park

Guatemalan National Parks

National Parks of Guatemala
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Guyana National Parks

Kaieteur National Park

Haitian National Parks

Pic Macaya National Park
La Visite National Park

Honduran National Parks

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Mexican National Parks

National Parks of Mexico

Nicaraguan National Parks

Masaya Volcano National Park
Saslaya National Park
Zapatera Archipelago National Park

Panamanian National Parks

National Parks of Panama

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Paraguay National Parks

Cerro Cora National Park
Nacunday National Park
National Parks in the Chaco, Paraguay
Ypoá National Park

Peruvian National Parks

National Parks of Peru

Uruguay National Parks

Arequita National Park
Esteros de Farrapos National Park
Lunarejo National Park
National Park Esteros de Farrapos
Santa Teresa National Park

Venezuelan National Parks

National Parks of Venezuela

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