National Parks of India

National parks of India Indian Wildlife tiger at Bandhavgarh National Park Indian tiger wildlife of national parks

Indian National Parks

India has varied terrain which in turn has led to a wide variety of habitats. The variety of habitats has created a land that is rich wildlife. In India, the popularity of watching wild animals and birds in their natural habitat has grown, but the population of many wildlife species has declined. The government of India took a major step in conserving this wildlife by creating national parks. Aimed at developing protected areas for wild animals and birds, the development of national parks in India has been a major wildlife conservation effort for India. Along with programs aimed at augmenting the wildlife populations through breeding, the national parks help to ensure that India’s wonderful wildlife still exists on this planet and are available for us all to enjoy. Indian wildlife has become a major attraction for tourists from all over the world who come to visit India. India’s national parks are the corner stone of this new ecotourism.

India’s first national park (an IUCN category II protected area) was established in 1935 as Hailey National Park, now it is known as Jim Corbett National Park. In 1970, India only had five national parks. However, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger in 1972 to safeguard the habitats of its wildlife species. Additional federal legislation strengthened the protections for wildlife during the 1980s. There are now nearly 100 national parks. National park lands collectively make up over one percent of India’s total land surface.

A total of 166 national parks have been authorized and plans are underway to establish the remaining authorized national parks. Indian national parks are listed below along with their home state or territory.

(Name = State)

Anshi National Park = Karnataka


Balphakram National Park = Meghalaya

Bandhavgarh National Park= Madhya Pradesh

Bandipur National Park = Karnataka

Bannerghatta National Park = Karnataka

Betla National Park = Jharkhand

Bhitarkanika National Park = Odisha

Blackbuck National Park = Velavadar Gujarat

Buxa Tiger Reserve = West Bengal

Campbell Bay National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands

******

Chandoli National Park = Maharashtra

Dachigam National Park = Jammu and Kashmir
Darrah National Park = Rajasthan
Desert National Park = Rajasthan
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park = Assam
Dudhwa National Park = Uttar Pradesh
Eravikulam National Park = Kerala
Galathea National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Gangotri National Park = Uttarakhand
Gir National Park = Gujarat
Gorumara National Park = West Bengal
Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary = Uttarakhand
Great Himalayan National Park = Himachal Pradesh
Gugamal National Park = Maharashtra
Guindy National Park = Tamil Nadu
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park = Tamil Nadu
Harike Wetland = Punjab
Hazaribagh National Park = Jharkhand
Hemis National Park = Jammu and Kashmir
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and   National Park = Tamil Nadu
Indravati National Park = Chhattisgarh
Jaldapara National Park = West Bengal
Jim Corbett National Park = Uttarakhand
Kalesar National Park = Haryana
Kanger Ghati National Park = Chhattisgarh
Kanha National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park = Andhra Pradesh
Kaziranga National Park = Assam
Keibul Lamjao National Park = Manipur
Keoladeo National Park = Rajasthan
Khangchendzonga National Park = Sikkim
Kishtwar National Park = Jammu and Kashmir
Kudremukh National Park = Karnataka
Madhav National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park = Andhra Pradesh
Manas National Park = Assam
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch = Gujarat
Mathikettan Shola National Park = Kerala
Middle Button Island National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mollem National Park = Goa
Mouling National Park = Arunachal Pradesh
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary = Rajasthan
Mount Harriet National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mrugavani National Park = Andhra Pradesh
Mudumalai National Park = Tamil Nadu
Mukurthi National Park = Tamil Nadu
Murlen National Park = Mizoram
Nagarhole National Park = Karnataka
Namdapha National Park = Arunachal Pradesh
Nameri National Park = Assam
Nanda Devi National Park = Uttarakhand
Nandankanan National Park = Odisha
Navegaon National Park = Maharashtra
Neora Valley National Park = West Bengal
Nokrek National Park = Meghalaya
North Button Island National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Ntangki National Park = Nagaland
Orang National Park = Assam
Palani Hills National Park = Tamil Nadu
Panna National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Papikonda National Park = Andhra Pradesh
Pench National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Periyar National Park = Kerala
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park = Mizoram
Pin Valley National Park = Himachal Pradesh
Rajaji National Park = Uttarakhand
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Ranthambore National Park = Rajasthan


Saddle Peak National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Salim Ali National Park = Jammu and Kashmir
Sanjay Gandhi National Park = Maharashtra
Sanjay National Park² = Madhya Pradesh
Sariska Tiger Reserve = Rajasthan
Satpura National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Silent Valley National Park = Kerala
Simlipal National Park = Odisha
Singalila National Park = West Bengal
Sirohi National Park = Manipur
South Button Island National Park = Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Sri Venkateswara National Park = Andhra Pradesh
Sultanpur National Park = Delhi
Sundarbans National Park = West Bengal
Tadoba National Park = Maharashtra
Valley of Flowers National Park = Uttarakhand
Valmiki National Park = Bihar
Van Vihar National Park = Madhya Pradesh
Vansda National Park = Gujarat

Birds of India – Checklist

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